What day is Tisha B’Av on? Tisha B’Av 2017 is observed on a Tuesday in August. In 2016, it was on a Sunday and Tisha B’Av in 2018 is on Sunday, July 22, 2018.
Countdown to Tisha B’Av 2017 date is below, plus holiday history, activities, facts, details, and upcoming public holidays.
Many Jewish Americans observe Tisha B’Av, which is the ninth day of the month of Av in the Jewish calendar. It is a day of mourning to remember various events such as the destruction of the First Temple and Second Temple in Jerusalem. When Tisha B’Av falls on Shabbat (Saturday), it is deferred to Sunday, 10th of Av.
When is Tisha B’Av 2017? This year Tisha B’Av is on Tuesday, August 1, 2017.
Tisha B’Av is on the ninth day of the month of Av in the Jewish calendar.Below you will find all the details for Tisha B’Av 2017 including, are banks open, is there mail delivery and related holiday information.
Is Tisha B’Av a federal holiday?
No, Tisha B’Av is not a federal holiday. There are ten annual US federal holidays on the calendar designated by the United States Congress. The following federal holidays are established by law:
- New Year’s Day
- Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr. (Third Monday in January).
- Washington’s Birthday (Third Monday in February)
- Memorial Day (Last Monday in May)
- Independence Day (July 4)
- Labor Day (First Monday in September)
- Columbus Day (Second Monday in October)
- Veterans Day (November 11)
- Thanksgiving Day (Fourth Thursday in November)
- Christmas Day (December 25)
Is Tisha B’Av a national holiday?
Tisha B’Av is not a federal public holiday in the United States. However, some Jewish organizations may be closed or have restricted opening hours. Tisha B’Av is not a national holiday. Unlike many other countries, there are no ‘national holidays’ in the United States because Congress only has constitutional authority to create holidays for federal institutions. Most federal holidays are also observered as state holidays.
Is Tisha B’Av a paid holiday?
The answer depends on your employer. The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) does not require payment for time not worked, such as vacations or holidays (federal or otherwise).
Does the mail run on Tisha B’Av?
Yes, there will be mail delivery on Tisha B’Av. All post offices and federal offices of any kind will be open for the holiday, which means businesses and homes will receive mail. This also counts USPS and Fedex packages. See holiday schedule on USPS and Fedex. The only time mail is not being delivered is on federal holidays, which are listed above.
Are banks open on Tisha B’Av?
Tisha B’Av is a Jewish holiday, which means all federal offices, courts and most banks will be open. While most banks are open, some banks can operate on their own schedules, so it may be best to check with your local branches. U.S. stock and bond markets like the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ will be open. Grocery stores and malls are reportedly open.
If your bank is closed, it is still possible to conduct general banking transactions via ATM, online banking or your mobile phone. Apps and websites are running though not all normal functions may be accessed for the holiday.
Are stores open on Tisha B’Av?
On Tisha B’Av, most stores, restaurants, shopping centers, and malls are open. There are no holidays on which all businesses are closed by law. However, some stores may have shortened or extended holiday hours for the day. Stores may be operating on holiday schedule with limited or reduced hours of operation. Some businesses may be closed on in order to give their employees the day off. For restaurants, stores and other establishments specific to your area, you will have to check with the individual business.Shop Tisha B'Av Gifts on Amazon
Tisha B’Av 2017
Holiday: Tisha B’Av
Date: August 1, 2017
Holiday Type: Jewish holiday
Presidents Day 2018: Sunday, July 22, 2018
Presidents Day 2019: Sunday, August 11, 2019
Presidents Day 2020: Thursday, July 30, 2020
History & Origin
Tisha B’Av, also known as the Jewish Fast of Av, is a period of fasting, lamentation and prayer to remember the destruction of the First and Second Temples of Jerusalem. The Jewish people still continued the fast day even after they rebuilt the First Temple after the Babylonians destroyed it in 586 BCE. The Romans destroyed the Second Temple by burning it in 70 CE and this marked the start of a long exile period for Jewish people. These are two of five sad events or calamities that occurred on the ninth day of the month of Av. The other three were when:
Ten of the 12 scouts sent by Moses to Canaan gave negative reports of the area, leading to the Israelites’ despair.
The Romans captured the fortress city of Beitar, the last stronghold of the leaders of the Bar Kochba revolt, and thousands of Jewish people, including Bar Kokhba (or Kochba), were massacred in 135 CE.
The city of Jerusalem was destroyed in 136 CE.
Tisha B’Av is a sad day that observes other major disasters and tragedies that Jewish people experienced throughout history, including the expulsion of the Jewish people from England in 1290 and from Spain in 1492, as well as the mass deportation of Jewish people from the Warsaw Ghetto during World War II.
Tisha B’Av begins at sunset on the previous day and lasts for more than 24 hours. It is the culmination of a three-week period of mourning. Weddings and other parties are generally not permitted and people refrain from cutting their hair during this period. It is customary to refrain from activities such as eating meat or drinking wine (except on the Shabbat) from the first to the ninth day of Av.
About Tisha B’Av in other countries
How To Celebrate Tisha B’Av
Many Jewish people in the United States observe various restrictions during Tisha B’Av. These restrictions may include:
Avoiding washing, bathing, shaving or wearing cosmetics.
Not wearing leather shoes.
Avoiding certain types of work.
Abstaining from sexual activities.
Many traditional mourning practices are observed, such as refraining from smiling and laughing. Those who observe Tisha B’Av are allowed to study only certain portions of the Torah and Talmud on Tisha B’Av. The book of Lamentations is read and mourning prayers are recited in the synagogue. The ark (cabinet where the Torah is kept) is draped in black.
Some universities or learning centers give those who observe Tisha B’Av the chance to sit exams at other dates, on the proviso that certain requirements are met. Some Jewish centers offer a program for observing Tisha B’Av. People who are sick are exempted from fasting on the day.
How To Say Tisha B’Av in:
Spanish: Tisha b’Av
Norwegian: Tisha B’Av
German: Tischa beAv
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